Earlier this month, students at the University of St Andrews were made aware of an outbreak of mumps throughout the campus.
Despite pleas from the University for students to get vaccinated against mumps, there have been a handful of confirmed cases in the town.
This has prompted a response from the University and Fife health services once again urging students to get the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccination.
In statistics published by Nuffield Trust, an independent thinktank, vaccination coverage for measles fell from 88%to 81% across the UK between 2000 and 2004.
According to the NHS website, mumps used to be common in children before the introduction of the MMR vaccine.
Most cases occur in young adults who did not receive the vaccine as part of their childhood vaccination schedule.
On the University website, prospective students are urged to make sure they have received a full double dose of the vaccine to protect them and other students from contracting the mumps.
Mumps is a virus that can be transmitted through sneezing, coughing or contact with saliva and is highly infectious.
Symptoms include swollen glands, fever, aching muscles and headaches, and it can sometimes lead to more serious implications such as the swelling of testes and ovaries, deafness, meningitis, or inflammation of the pancreas. However, most people recover within two weeks.
In serious cases, mumps can lead to viral meningitis if the virus moves into the outer layer of the brain.
A spokesperson from the University, and Dona Milne, director of Public Health of NHS Fife, both echoed similar advice to students, encouraging them to get vaccinated as the most effective protection against the virus.
A number of students fall ill each year with the virus, and in a university environment it is likely to spread quickly, so it is vital for students to be protected against it.